The Ender's Game series (often referred to as the Ender saga and also the Enderverse) is a series of science fiction books written by American author Orson Scott Card. The series started with the novelette Ender's Game, which was later expanded into the novel of the same title. It currently consists of sixteen novels, thirteen short stories, 47 comic issues, an audioplay, and a film. The first two novels in the series, Ender's Game and Speaker for the Dead, each won both the Hugo and Nebula Awards.
The series is set in a future where mankind is facing annihilation by an aggressive alien society, an insect-like race known formally as "Formics", but more colloquially as "Buggers". The series protagonist, Andrew "Ender" Wiggin, is one of the child soldiers trained at Battle School (and eventually Command School) to be the future leaders for the protection of Earth.
Starting with Ender's Game, five novels and one novella have been released that tell the story of Ender. The first four have been described (and released as a box set) as The Ender Quartet and, together with Ender in Exile, as The Ender Quintet. Card first wrote Ender's Game as a novelette, but later expanded it into a novel.
While the first novel concerned itself with armies and space warfare, Speaker for the Dead, Xenocide, and Children of the Mind are more philosophical in nature, dealing with the difficult relationship between the humans and the "Piggies" (or "Pequeninos"), and Andrew's (Ender's) attempts to stop another xenocide from happening.
Ender in Exile, which is both sequel of Ender's Game and a prequel to Speaker for the Dead was released in November 2008. It involves Ender's journey to the first human colony on a former Formic world. Because of changes Card made to a few details of the story of that first colony ship and Ender's role as governor, it serves as a replacement for the last chapter of Ender's Game. It also deals with his meeting a character from the parallel Shadow saga (effectively wrapping up a remaining plotline in the parallel series).
Starting with Ender's Shadow, five novels and one novella have been released that tell the story of the people Ender left behind – this has been dubbed the Shadow saga (also known as the "Shadow Quintet").
Ender's Shadow is a parallel novel to Ender's Game, telling many of the same events from the perspective of Bean, a mostly peripheral character in Ender's Game, while the first three sequels, Shadow of the Hegemon, Shadow Puppets and Shadow of the Giant tell the story of the struggle for world dominance after the Bugger War. This involves the Battle School children, as well as Ender's brother, Peter Wiggin, and Petra Arkanian going up against Achilles de Flandres (from Poke's crew).
A sequel novella to Shadow of the Giant named Shadows in Flight further introduces three of Bean's children who also have Anton's key turned.
The Last Shadow (previously called Shadows Alive), released in November 2021, takes place after both Children of the Mind and Shadows in Flight, tying up the two series, and explaining some unanswered questions.
The First Formic War
Card and Aaron Johnston wrote a trilogy to cover the events of the First Formic War. Chronologically, this series comes before all other books in the Ender's Game series. Earth Unaware was released on July 17, 2012. Earth Afire, was released on June 4, 2013, and Earth Awakens on June 10, 2014.
The Second Formic War
On November 4, 2013, Johnston confirmed work on a second trilogy of novels covering the Second Formic War, with the manuscript for the first book due in 2014. The planned titles of the novels are (in order) The Swarm, The Hive, and The Queens. The Swarm, continuing the stories of Victor Delgado, Mazer Rackham, and Bingwen, was released on August 2, 2016. The Hive was released on June 11, 2019.
According to an interview with Orson Scott Card at Southern Virginia University, Fleet School is "a new set of sequels to Ender's Game. It's for a young adult audience. It's what happens to Battle School after the International Fleet loses its purpose of war. It becomes what is called Fleet School, and it prepares kids to become commanders / explorers in the colonies that are going to be forming. We get to see that as the school administrators repurpose the school, the Battle Room is still there, but it's a whole different kind of education." On November 12, 2015, Orson Scott Card announced the title of the series and its first novel, Children of the Fleet was released on October 10, 2017.
Novels in the series
To date, there are 19 publications in the Ender's Game series, five novels and one novella in the Ender series, five novels and one novella in the Shadow Saga, five novels in the Formic Wars series, one novel in the Fleet School series and one collection of short stories. According to Card, there is no strictly preferred order of reading them, except that Xenocide should be read right before Children of the Mind. The books can be read in the order in which they were originally written or in chronological order.
|1||Ender's Game||Ender Series||Novel||100,758||1985||Nebula Award winner, 1985; Hugo Award winner, 1986; Locus Award nominee, 1986|
|2||Speaker for the Dead||Ender Series||Novel||128,573||1986||Nebula Award winner, 1986; Hugo & Locus Awards winner, 1987; Campbell Award nominee, 1987|
|3||Xenocide||Ender Series||Novel||183,062||1991||Hugo and Locus Awards nominee, 1992|
|4||Children of the Mind||Ender Series||Novel||114,367||1996|
|5||Ender's Shadow||Shadow Saga||Novel||140,223||1999||Shortlisted for a Locus Award, 2000|
|6||Shadow of the Hegemon||Shadow Saga||Novel||114,042||2001||Shortlisted for a Locus Award, 2002|
|7||Shadow Puppets||Shadow Saga||Novel||99,561||2002|
|8||First Meetings||Ender Series||Collection||48,319||2002||"First Meetings" is a collection of three novellas and "Ender's Game".|
|9||Shadow of the Giant||Shadow Saga||Novel||106,531||2005|
|10||A War of Gifts: An Ender Story||Ender Series||Novella||20,922||2007|
|11||Ender in Exile||Ender Series||Novel||126,600||2008|
|12||Shadows in Flight||Shadow Saga||Novella||54,113||2012|
|13||Earth Unaware||Formic Wars||Novel||129,137||2012|
|14||Earth Afire||Formic Wars||Novel||147,159||2013|
|15||Earth Awakens||Formic Wars||Novel||135,172||2014|
|16||The Swarm||Formic Wars||Novel||156,745||2016|
|17||Children of the Fleet||Fleet School||Novel||101,065||2017|
|18||The Hive||Formic Wars||Novel||132,965||2019|
|19||The Last Shadow||Shadow Saga||Novel||94,185||2021||"Shadows in Flight" was originally planned as part of The Last Shadow (previously called "Shadows Alive")|
|20||The Queens||Formic Wars||Novel||TBA||TBA|
- Earth Unaware
- Earth Afire
- Earth Awakens
- The Swarm
- The Hive
- The Queens (TBA)
- Ender's Game
- Ender's Shadow (Note: The events of Ender's Game and Ender's Shadow take place in roughly the same time period.)
- A War of Gifts (Note: This takes place during Ender's Game/Ender's Shadow.)
- Shadow of the Hegemon
- Children of the Fleet (Note: opening chapters take place during Shadow of the Hegemon.)
- Shadow Puppets
- Shadow of the Giant
- Ender in Exile (Note: Beginning takes place during Shadow of the Hegemon and through Shadow of the Giant)
- Shadows in Flight
- First Meetings (Note: This is actually a collection of four short stories. The first two take place when Ender's parents are children and in their teens. The next is the original novella "Ender's Game". The last brings Ender and Jane together for the first time. "First Meetings" is listed right before "Speaker for the Dead" because the last story takes place when Ender had just turned 20.)
- Speaker for the Dead
- Children of the Mind
- The Last Shadow
Short stories in the series
First Meetings is a collection of short stories whose settings range from before Ender's Game until after Shadows in Flight and was first released in 2002.
Comic books in the series
Comic books in the Ender Universe are currently being published by Marvel Comics.
In 2008 it was announced an Ender's Game video game was in the works. It was to be known as Ender's Game: Battle Room and was a planned digitally distributed video game for all viable downloadable platforms. It was under development by Chair Entertainment, which also developed the Xbox Live Arcade games Undertow and Shadow Complex. Chair had sold the licensing of Empire to Card, which became a best-selling novel. Little was revealed about the game, save its setting in the Ender universe and that it would have focused on the Battle Room.
In December, 2010, it was announced that the video game development had stopped and the project put on indefinite hold.
The film Ender's Game was released in the UK on October 25, 2013, and in the USA on November 1, 2013. The first script was based on two installments of the Ender series, Ender's Game and Ender's Shadow, when optioned by Warner Brothers, but was adapted to focus exclusively on Ender's Game when purchased by Lionsgate. The cast includes Harrison Ford, Abigail Breslin, Ben Kingsley, and Asa Butterfield as Ender Wiggin. The film was directed by Gavin Hood.
The Authorized Ender Companion
Written by Jake Black, The Authorized Ender Companion is "the indispensable guide to the universe of Ender's Game." Sections in this book include: The Ender Encyclopedia, Ender's Timeline, Ender's Family Tree by Andrew Lindsay, Getting Ender Right: A Look at the Ender's Game Screenplay Development by Aaron Johnston, and The Technology of Ender's Game by Stephen Sywak. The majority of the book consists of encyclopedia references to the events, characters, locations, and technology found in the Ender's Game series up to the publication of Ender in Exile.
The book is notable for having new and behind the scenes information on certain topics such as Battle School Slang, The Look of the Formics, The History of Hyrum Graff, Ender and Valentine's Travels, and Mazer Rackham's Spaceship.
Ender's World: Fresh Perspectives on the SF Classic Ender's Game
Ender's World contains 14 essays from Science Fiction and Young Adult writers, as well as military strategists and others about various aspects of Ender's Game. The book includes an introduction by Orson Scott Card, who edited Ender's World and answers from many fan-submitted Enderverse questions from the Smart Pop Books Website. These essays are included in the compilation:
- "How It Should Have Ended" by Eric James Stone
- "The Monster's Heart" by John Brown
- "The Cost of Breaking the Rules" by Mary Robinette Kowal
- "Winning and Losing in Ender’s Game" by Hilari Bell
- "Parallax Regained" by David Lubar, Alison S. Myers
- "Mirror, Mirror" by Alethea Kontis
- "Size Matters" by Janis Ian
- "Rethinking the Child Hero" by Aaron Johnston
- "A Teenless World" by Mette Ivie Harrison
- "Ender on Leadership" by Colonel Tom Ruby
- "Ender Wiggin, USMC" by John F. Schmitt
- "The Price of Our Inheritance" by Neal Shusterman
- "If the Formics Love Their Children Too" by Ken Scholes
- "Ender's Game: A Guide to Life" by Matt Nix
According to the novel canon, the Formics attacked Earth 50 years before the novel begins. They attempted to colonise the planet and were barely fought off by a New Zealand soldier known as Mazer Rackham. The first book in the series, Ender's Game, largely stems from the human quest to defend themselves from this species, although the Formics ultimately turn out as victims, with the first attack being an accident due to differing biology.
The term "Formic" is derived from formica, the Latin word for ant; whereas "bugger" is a pejorative used by humans; yet it was not until 1999's Ender's Shadow that the term 'Formic' was first used, interchangeably with 'Bugger'. Later books used 'Formic' almost exclusively, as the more 'scientific' term. This leads to odd scenarios in the continuity of the books, such as Valentine referring to them as "Buggers" in Ender's Game, chronologically next as "Formics" in Ender in Exile, and again as "Buggers" in Speaker for the Dead and Xenocide. The feature film adaptation of Ender's Game uses "Formics" exclusively.
The Formic species consists of hive-minded colonies directed by queens. In Ender's Game, Graff described them as being an insect that "could have evolved on earth, if things had gone a different way a billion years ago," and that their evolutionary ancestors could have looked similar to Earth's ants. While often described as "insectoid", the Formics are warm-blooded, developed an internal skeleton and shed most of their exoskeleton, evolved a complex system of internal organs, and they respire and perspire. If a queen dies, all the workers under her control lose their ability to function immediately; but in Xenocide, implications exist that 'workers' can escape the influence of a queen. The Formic race is revealed to be trimorphic in Shadows in Flight. Drones are much smaller and depend on a Hive Queen for survival, and their bodies are shaped to spend their lives clinging to her, until upon her death, they take flight to seek out a new queen. Drones are capable of individual thought and action as well as mind-to-mind communication, more limited than that of a queen; whereas queens communicate instantaneously and can even do so with other species. Formics live in vast underground colonies, usually without light, informing the assumption that Formics make use of sensory apparatus outside the range of the electromagnetic spectrum visible to humans. In the first novel they have artificial lighting; whereas in Xenocide, Ender claims they rely on heat signature.
- Ender's Game (film)
- List of characters in the Ender's Game series
- List of works by Orson Scott Card
- Zerg - an alien race from the Starcraft universe, similar to the Formics
- 1. ^ Ender's Game. p. 237.
Valentine shivered, as if a cold breeze had suddenly passed. 'I refuse to watch the bugger vids anymore. They're always the same.'
- 2. ^ Ender in Exile. p. 46.
'The formics' worlds were all in the same arm of the galaxy as us, and not all that far away, as galaxies go,' said Valentine primly, to goad him.
- 3. ^ Xenocide. p. 173.
'What's wrong with the buggers getting offplanet?' asked Valentine.
- "1986 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- "1987 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- "1985 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- Orson Scott Card at Fantastic Fiction
- Card, Orson (April 5, 2020). "Maybe Some Good Will Come Out of This". Hatrack River. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
- Aaron Johnston [@AaronWJohnston] (October 30, 2012). "EARTH AFIRE, the sequel to EARTH UNAWARE by me and @orsonscottcard will be released on June 4, 2013" (Tweet). Retrieved April 12, 2013 – via Twitter.
- Aaron Johnston [@AaronWJohnston] (March 15, 2013). "Title for book 3 of First Formic Trilogy will be EARTH AWAKENS" (Tweet). Retrieved April 12, 2013 – via Twitter.
- Aaron Johnston [@AaronWJohnston] (November 4, 2013). "@therootsundo Thanks. Hope you like book three. And the three more after that. There's another trilogy coming. The Second Formic War" (Tweet). Retrieved November 4, 2013 – via Twitter.
- Aaron Johnston [@AaronWJohnston] (November 4, 2013). "@EndersAnsible @therootsundo Yes. The second trilogy is happening. Manuscript for book one is due in 2014" (Tweet). Retrieved November 4, 2013 – via Twitter.
- Orson Scott Card [@OrsonScottCard] (April 3, 2014). "The Second Formic Wars trilogy titles released: The Swarm; The Hive; The Queens" (Tweet). Retrieved April 21, 2013 – via Twitter.
- Aaron Johnston [@AaronWJohnston] (July 2, 2015). "@nolan724 You're welcome. The next trilogy will continue Vico's story, as well as the others. Book one is written. Titled: THE SWARM" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Aaron Johnston [@AaronWJohnston] (December 3, 2015). "The cover for our next novel. Due August 2. Art by the incredible John Harris ift.tt/1HJJkpO" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Card, Orson Scott; Johnston, Aaron (August 2, 2016). Fiction Book Review: The Swarm by Orson Scott Card and Aaron Johnston (Tor). ISBN 978-0-7653-7562-9. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
- Aaron Johnston [@AaronWJohnston] (June 11, 2019). "THE HIVE is out today. Thanks to the talented @StefansEcho and his cast, the brilliant @bethmeacham, the publishing wizard @jengunnels, everyone else at @torbooks, and all the readers who have supported us. Deeply grateful. Cheers to @orsonscottcard. Somos familia, somos uno!" (Tweet). Retrieved June 20, 2019 – via Twitter.
- "Orson Scott Card announces new sequels to Ender's Game". SouthernVirginiaUniv's YouTube Channel. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
- "Orson Scott Card interview – the extended version". New Zealand Listener. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
- "Orson Scott Card tweet". Twitter. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
- Card, Orson Scott (October 10, 2017). Children of the Fleet (Fleet School). ISBN 978-0765377043.
- Card, Orson Scott. "Question: What's the 'preferred' order of reading the Ender series?". Frequently Asked Questions. Hatrack.com. Retrieved May 15, 2007.
- "Ender's Game Text Stats". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "How long to read Speaker for the Dead". ReadTime. Retrieved June 14, 2023.
- "Xenocide Text Stats". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "1992 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- "Children of the Mind Text Stats". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "Ender's Shadow Text Stats". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "2000 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- "Shadow of the Hegemon Text Stats". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "2002 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- "Shadow Puppets Text Stats". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "First Meetings Book Details". AR BookFinder. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
- "First Meetings In Ender's Universe | Macmillan". Macmillan. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
- "Shadow of the Giant Text Stats". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "A War of Gifts: An Ender Story Book Details". AR BookFinder. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "Ender in Exile Book Details". AR BookFinder. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "Shadows in Flight Book Details". AR BookFinder. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "Earth Unaware Book Details". AR BookFinder. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "Earth Afire Book Details". AR BookFinder. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "Earth Awakens Book Details". AR BookFinder. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "The Swarm Book Details". ReadingLength. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
- "Children of the Fleet Book Details". ReadingLength. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
- "The Hive Book Details". ReadingLength. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
- "The Last Shadow Book Details".
- Card, Orson Scott (January 17, 2012). Amazon.com: Shadows in Flight (The Shadow) (9780765332004): Orson Scott Card: Books. ISBN 978-0765332004.
- Card, Orson Scott (July 15, 2011). "Hatrack River Forums:Shadows in Flight".
- "Undertow team creating Orson Scott Card's Ender's Game's game". engadget.com. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
- Croal, N'Gai (January 29, 2008). "Exclusive: Chair Entertainment's Donald and Geremy Mustard Shed Some Light On Their Plans For 'Ender's Game'". Newsweek. Archived from the original on June 3, 2008. Retrieved January 5, 2009.
- "Ender's Game tabled by Chair". Joystiq. December 14, 2010. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
- Kevin Savetz (January 18, 2018). "Orson Scott Card interview — Atari computers & computer games". Archived from the original on December 12, 2021. Retrieved March 31, 2018 – via YouTube.
- 2013 Interview
- "Ender's Game". IMDb. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
- Black, Jake (2009). The Authorized Ender Companion. Tor Books. ISBN 978-0-7653-2063-6.
- Introduction: Ender's World Archived May 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "1". Smart Pop Books. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
- "How It Should Have Ended" by Eric James Stone Archived November 28, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "The Monster's Heart" by John Brown Archived May 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "The Cost of Breaking the Rules" by Mary Robinette Archived May 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "Winning and Losing in Ender’s Game" by Hilari Bell Archived May 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "Parallax Regained" by David Lubar, Alison S. Myers Archived May 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "Mirror, Mirror" by Alethea Kontis Archived May 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "Size Matters" by Janis Ian Archived May 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "Rethinking the Child Hero" by Aaron Johnston Archived May 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "A Teenless World" by Mette Ivie Harrison Archived May 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "Ender on Leadership" by Colonel Tom Ruby Archived May 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "Ender Wiggin, USMC" by John F. Schmitt Archived May 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "The Price of Our Inheritance" by Neal Shusterman Archived May 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "If the Formics Love Their Children Too" by Ken Scholes Archived May 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "Ender's Game: A Guide to Life" by Matt Nix Archived April 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- Ender's Game by Orson Scott Card
- Ender's Shadow by Orson Scott Card
- Speaker for the Dead by Orson Scott Card
- Xenocide by Orson Scott Card
- Children of the Mind by Orson Scott Card
- First Meetings by Orson Scott Card
- Ender in Exile by Orson Scott Card